Self and Peer Assessments

Contents

Overview

Self and Peer Assessments are a special type of assessment in which students are expected to evaluate their own work, and/or the work of their peers, with criteria and guidance provided by the instructor. Setting up a Self and Peer Assessment has several stages, since the students themselves move through several stages during the assessment process:

  1. Submitting their own work
  2. Selecting or being assigned submissions to evaluate
  3. Using provided criteria to perform the evaluation, and assign scores and feedback to themselves and/or their peers

The instructor can monitor and view all submissions as well as all evaluations and scores and, if they choose, can use the scores provided by student evaluators as the basis for a final score on the assignment, which can be finalized in the Grade Center.

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Creating a New Self and Peer Assessment

Self and Peer Assessments are created within content areas (such as Course Documents).

To create a new Self and Peer Assessment, enter the content area within which you would like students to access it.

  1. Mose over the Assessments tab on the Action Bar.
  2. Select Self and Peer Assessment.
    Self and Peer Assessment
  3. Give your Assessment a name (required) and type instructions into the text box, if desired.
  4. More so than any other Assessment tool, the Self and Peer Assessment is driven by dates that you set during the creation process. There are two sets of dates that you must specify during the creation of a new Self and Peer Assessment:
  • Submission Dates – You must specify a date and time at which submissions will be accepted for the assessment, and a date and time in which submissions will no longer be accepted.
  • Evaluation Dates – You must also specify a date and time at which evaluation of the submissions that were received can begin, and another date and time after which no more evaluations will be accepted.
  1. Set Self and Peer Evaluation Options:
  • Allow Anonymous Evaluation – Selecting Yes for this option will present students with submissions to evaluate anonymously, distinguishing between them only as User 1, User 2, User 3, etc…. Selecting No will list submissions for evaluation by students’ names.

    Anonymous submissions

    An image of a Peer Assessment with anonymous evaluation enabled.

  • Allow Self Evaluation – Selecting Yes for this option will present each student with their own submission in addition to the submissions of others (if students are permitted to evaluate more than one submission). Selecting No will list only submissions made by other students.
  • Show Evaluation Results to Submitter – Selecting Yes for this option will allow students to view the feedback their peers have written (if the evaluations are set up to allow anonymity, the student will see the feedback, but not the names of the peers who left it). Selecting No will allow the instructor to see all of the feedback, but not the students.
  • Number of Submission to Evaluate – The number you enter here will determine how many submissions each student will see on their “menu” of submissions to evaluate. Evaluators do not have to complete evaluations on all of the submissions presented.
  • TIP: If you would like individual students to evaluate the submissions of specific other students, you should set Allow Anonymous Evaluation to No and Number of Submissions to Evaluate to the total number of students in your class. This will present each evaluator with a list of all students in the class, by name. You should then supply students with the name(s) of the other student(s) you would like them to evaluate, and they will be able to pick those students out from the list presented.
  1. Set the assessment’s availability parameters.
  2. Click Submit.

These steps create the shell of a Self and Peer Assessment, but without adding Questions and Criteria to the Assessment Canvas (instructions below), your students will not be able to submit any work, nor will evaluators be able to carry out evaluations. In order for students to complete this task, you must continue on to the steps outlined below to create Questions and Criteria.

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The Assessment Canvas

After creating a new Self and Peer Assessment, you will be taken to the Assessment Canvas. This is where you must create prompts or questions for students to submit responses to. It is these responses that will then be available for self and/or peer evaluation. If you do  not create items on the Assessment Canvas, your students will have no way to submit work to be evaluated. Keep in mind that Questions and Criteria refer to different events in the Self and Peer Assessment workflow:

  • Questions are what your students initially respond to in order to submit their own work. A Self and Peer Assessment can have one question, or several. Without creating a Question or Questions, your students will have no way to submit their work for their peers to evaluate.
  • Criteria are what evaluators then use to judge the responses submitted by their peers to the Questions. Each Question can have multiple Criteria associated with it. Without creating a Criterion or Criteria, evalutors will have no way to assign points to and give feedback on the submissions.

To create a Question:

  1. Click the Create Question button.
  2. In the Question Text box, type a prompt for your students to respond to. Your students, in response to this prompt, will have the opportunity to either upload a document from their computers, or type a response into a provided text box.
  3. Optionally, you can create a “model response” that will give evaluators guidance as to what a good response to your prompt might look like. This model response will be seen by evaluators only after all students have submitted their responses.
  4. Click Submit.
  5. You may now add another question by clicking the Create Question button again.

 

To Create Criteria:

Once all of your questions have been created, you may now add evaluation criteria. Evaluation criteria guide student evaluators through one or more specific performance benchmarks that you determine, and also give them an opportunity to apply points to each criteria, much like a rubric.

  1. On the Assessment Canvas, mouse over the Question you would like to apply criteria to, then pull down its context menu.
  2. Select Criteria.
    Add criteria
  3. Click the Create Criteria button at the top of the page. Alternatively, use the Word Count Criteria button to create a criteria that only scores based on the word count of the submission.
  4. In the text box, type guidance for your evaluators to use when assessing the submission for the desired criteria. An example might be “Does the submission utilize proper grammar and mechanics throughout?”
  5. Assign a total number of points possible that will be associated with this criteria (much like a rubric).
  6. Select whether you’d like your evaluators to be able to assign partial credit (e.g.: on a criteria worth a total of 5 points, evaluators might assign 3 points to a submission that inconsistently meets the criterion), or an all-or-nothing assignment of points.
  7. Select whether or not you’d like students to be able to see the feedback left by evaluators. The instructor will always be able to see all feedback.

 

To Reuse Criteria Previously Created:

If you would like evaluators to use the same set of criteria to assess multiple Question responses, you can reuse criteria that were created previously.

  1. On the Assessment Canvas, mouse over the Question you would like to apply criteria to, then pull down its context menu.
  2. Select Criteria.
    Add criteria
  3. Click the Search for Questions button located on the righthand side of the Action Bar.
  4. Use the search bar located below the Action Bar and type in a key word or phrase that matches the previously-created criteria you’d like to reuse and click Go.
  5. You will be presented with all previously-used questions (from all Self and Peer Assessments present in your course). Check the boxes next to whichever criteria you wish to reuse. You may select more than one.
  6. All settings from the original Criteria will be the same as when they were originally created (point values, visibility of feedback, etc…). To change any of these settings, mouse over the Criteria you wish to change and open its Context Menu.
  7. Select Edit.
    criteria context menu

 

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How Students Interact with the Self and Peer Assessment

You may preview a Self and Peer Assessment by using the Preview button located on the Assessment Canvas, on the righthand side of the Action Bar. When mousing over the Preview button, you are presented with the option to view a Preview of the Submission area (where your students will respond to your Questions) or the Evaluation area (where your students will view and evaluate the work of their peers, or themselves).

This Preview presents sample content in place of student submissions and can help you get a feel for what your students will be seeing and doing, so that you can assist them in navigating the workflows.

Optionally, you may use the Student Preview tool to interact with an active Self and Peer Assessment as a student. Beware, however, that the use of this tool creates a new student user in your class and if you do not exit Student Preview and delete all data prior to the beginning of the evaluation period, the work you submitted as a Student Preview user will be included in the evaluation assignments. To avoid this, exit the Student Preview prior to the evaluation date, and delete the preview user and all data when prompted.

When giving a Self and Peer Assessment for the first time, remind students that:

  • This is a two-part assignment, in which there is a Submission period and an Evaluation period, both with defined dates.
  • The Submission Dates must be adhered to and that no more submissions will be accepted after the submission period ends.
  • Evaluations cannot be begun until after the Evaluation Dates begin.
  • If submissions are to be anonymous, any uploaded documents should not have the student’s name typed anywhere on them. The instructor has access to de-anonymized student names associated with all submissions, so there is no need for documents to have student names attached unless otherwise indicated by the instructor.

 

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Instructor Management of Self and Peer Assessments

As the Instructor, you have the ability to track the progress of Self and Peer Assessments, view all scores and feedbacks given to submissions by evaluators, and use evaluator scoring as the basis for entering a grade into the Grade Center.

To access the Instructor management tools for Self and Peer Assessments open your Course Tools menu and click on Self and Peer Assessment:
Self and Peer Assessment Tool

You will  be presented with a list of all the Self and Peer Assessments currently in use in your course.

To View all Submissions:

  1. Open the context menu for the Self and Peer Assessment you’d like to view.
  2. Click View Submissions.
    View Submissions
  3. You will see a list of all students, and whether or not they have submitted responses to your Question(s). To view or download a student’s submission, mouse over the student’s name and open the context menu.
    Context menu for viewing submissions
  4. You may either view the student’s submission, or download it. Inline grading is not available for submissions to Self and Peer Assessments.
  5. Alternatively, you may click the Download All button at the top of the Submissions page. This will download a .zip file of all student submissions.

To View Evaluations:

  1. Open the context menu for the Self and Peer Assessment you’d like to view.
  2. Click View Evaluations.
    Vew Evaluations
  3. You will see a list of all students, whether or not they have completed all assigned evaluations, which students’ submissions they have evaluated, and what scores they have assigned to these submissions.
  4. To view or download a student’s evaluations, mouse over the evaluator’s name and open the context menu:
    View or Download Evaluations
  5. Even if the evaluator has not completed all evaluations, you can still view what they have done so far.
  6. Alternatively, you may click the Download All button at the top of the Evaluations page. This will download a .zip file of all evaluations.

 

To View Overall Results of a Self and Peer Assessment:

  1. Open the context menu for the Self and Peer Assessment you’d like to view.
  2. Click View Results.
    View Results
  3. The Results page summarizes and averages the scores given by evaluators to all student submissions. It presents an average percentage and an average total score based on all of the completed evaluations at the time of viewing.
  4. When the evaluation period is over, an instructor may then choose to send these average scores to the Grade Center, to be recorded as the score earned by each student for their submission. To send all scores to the Grade Center, click the Send Reults to Grade Center button in the Action Bar.

 

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